| Barnstable, Massachusetts ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Barnstable is a city,〔Galvin Francis, Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (2007) Citizen Information Service, A Listing of Counties and the Cities and Towns Within (BARNSTABLE )〕 referred to as the Town of Barnstable,〔Town of Barnstable (2007) Information Systems Department, Official Website of the town of Barnstable (Welcome to The Town of Barnstable ) retrieved 10/7/2007〕 in the U.S. state of Massachusetts and the county seat of Barnstable County.〔(【引用サイトリンク】accessdate=2011-06-07 )〕 Barnstable is the largest community, both in land area and population, on Cape Cod. At the 2010 census it had a population of 45,193. The town contains several villages (one of which is also named Barnstable) within its boundaries.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 url=http://www.barnstablecounty.org/towns-and-their-villages )〕 Its largest village, Hyannis, is the central business district of the county and home to Barnstable Municipal Airport, the airline hub of Cape Cod and the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Barnstable is a 2007 winner of the All-America City Award.
Barnstable takes its name from Barnstaple, Devon, England. The area was first explored by Bartholomew Gosnold in 1602. It was one of the first towns to be settled in Plymouth Colony, one year behind Sandwich, in 1638, and was incorporated in 1639. The early settlers were farmers, led by the Reverend Joseph Hull, the founder of Barnstable.〔http://capecodhistory.us/Deyo/Barnstable.htm〕 A memorial tablet was dedicated there in 1939 (the 300th anniversary of the town's founding) marking the site of his home, and the rock from which he preached still stands along the highway there.〔Behling, Sam, ("Rev. Joseph Hull" ), retrieved 6 Feb 2011.〕〔donparrish.com, ("Notes for Rev. Joseph Hull" ), retrieved 6 Feb 2011.〕〔Crane, Ellery Bicknell, (''Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worcester County, Massachusetts'' ), Vol. II, pp. 169-170, Lewis Publishing Co., New York, NY, 1907, retrieved 6 Feb 2011.〕
Soon after the town's founding, agriculture, fishing and salt works became its major industries. By the end of the 19th century, there were some 804 ships harbored in the town. But this came to a decline with the rise of the railroad, which had arrived in 1854, and of steamships.
By the late 19th century, however, Barnstable was becoming world-renowned as the tourist destination it is to this day. Many prominent Bostonians spent their summers on the Cape shores, as did Presidents Ulysses S. Grant and Grover Cleveland. However, the most famous family to summer in the town was, and remains, the Kennedy family, who can still be found living in the Kennedy Compound in Hyannis Port. It was the summer home of President John F. Kennedy during his administration, and it was likewise the home of Senator Ted Kennedy until his death.
Today, tourists come in droves to the town during the summer months. There is abundant shopping in the quaint shops of Hyannis, and other popular sites abound, such as the John F. Kennedy Museum and several other museums and places on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Ancient Burying Ground and Gideon Hawley House. The town's many beaches are popular tourist destinations as well.〔''Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Street Atlas.'' South Easton, Massachusetts: Arrow Maps Inc., 2004, p. 20.〕
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