Australia national cricket team
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The Australia national cricket team represents the country of Australia in international cricket. It is the joint oldest team in Test cricket history, having played in the first ever Test match in 1877.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=1st Test: Australia v England at Melbourne, Mar 15–19, 1877 | Cricket Scorecard )〕 The team also plays One Day International cricket and Twenty20 International, participating in both the first ODI, against England in the 1970–71 season〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Only ODI: Australia v England at Melbourne, Jan 5, 1971 | Cricket Scorecard )〕 and the first Twenty20 International, against New Zealand in the 2004–05 season,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Only T20I: New Zealand v Australia at Auckland, Feb 17, 2005 | Cricket Scorecard )〕 winning both games. The team draws its players from teams playing in the Australian domestic competitions – the Sheffield Shield, the Australian domestic limited-overs cricket tournament and the Big Bash League.
The national team has played 782 Test matches, winning 367, losing 208, drawing 205 and tying 2.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Records | ESPN Cricinfo )〕 Australia is ranked the number-one team overall in Test cricket in terms of overall wins, win-loss ratio and wins percentage. As at 23 August 2015, Australia is ranked second in the ICC Test Championship on 106 rating points, 19 points behind South Africa.〔(ICC Rankings, accessed on 24 August 2015 )〕
Australia has played 862 ODI matches, winning 533, losing 289, tying 9 and with 31 ending in no-result.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Records | One-Day Internationals | ESPN Cricinfo )〕 They have led the ICC ODI Championship since its inception for all but a period of 48 days in 2007. Australia have made a record seven World Cup final appearances (1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015) and have won the World Cup a record five times in total; 1987, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015. Australia is the first team to appear in four consecutive World Cup finals (1996, 1999, 2003 and 2007), surpassing the old record of three consecutive World Cup appearances by West Indies (1975, 1979 and 1983) and the first team to win 3 consecutive world cups (1999, 2003 and 2007). It is also the second team to win a World Cup (2015) on home soil, after India (2011).
The team was undefeated in 34 consecutive World Cup matches until 19 March at the 2011 Cricket World Cup where Pakistan beat them by 4 wickets. Australia have also won the ICC Champions Trophy twice – in 2006 and in 2009 – making them the first and the only team to become back to back winners in the Champions Trophy tournaments. The team has also played 78 Twenty20 Internationals, winning 40, losing 35, tying 2 and with 1 ending in no-result〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Records | ESPN Cricinfo )〕 making the final of the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, which they eventually lost to England.
As of 1 September 2015, the Australian cricket team is ranked second in Tests, first in ODIs and third in T20Is by the ICC.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=ICC rankings - ICC Test, ODI and Twenty20 rankings - ESPN Cricinfo )〕
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