çż»èšłăšèŸæž
 Words near each other
 Dictionary Lists
 miniè±ćèŸæž
 minićè±èŸæž
 Webster 1913
 Latin-English
 FOLDOC
 Wikipedia English
 ăŠăŁă­ăăăŁăą
 çż»èšłăšèŸæžăèŸæžæ€çŽą [ éçșæ«ćźç ]
 ăčăăłă”ăŒă ăȘăłăŻ
 Association scheme ïŒ ăŠăŁă­ăăăŁăąè±èȘç
Association scheme

The theory of association schemes arose in statistics, in the theory of experimental design for the analysis of variance. In mathematics, association schemes belong to both algebra and combinatorics. Indeed, in algebraic combinatorics, association schemes provide a unified approach to many topics, for example combinatorial designs and coding theory. In algebra, association schemes generalize groups, and the theory of association schemes generalizes the character theory of linear representations of groups.
==Definition==

An n-class association scheme consists of a set ''X'' together with a partition ''S'' of ''X'' × ''X'' into n + 1 binary relations, R0, R1, ..., Rn which satisfy:
*$R_=\$ and is called the Identity relation.
*Defining $R^$
* :=\, if ''R'' in ''S'', then ''R
*'' in ''S''
*If $\left(x,y\right)\in R_$, the number of $z\in X$ such that $\left(x,z\right)\in R_$ and $\left(z,y\right)\in R_$ is a constant $p^k_$ depending on $i$, $j$, $k$ but not on the particular choice of $x$ and $y$.
An association scheme is ''commutative'' if $p_^k=p_^k$ for all $i$, $j$ and $k$. Most authors assume this property.
A ''symmetric'' association scheme is one in which each relation $R_i$ is a symmetric relation. That is:
* if (''x'',''y'') â ''R''''i'', then (''y'',''x'') â ''R''''i'' . (Or equivalently, ''R''
* = ''R''.)
Every symmetric association scheme is commutative.
Note, however, that while the notion of an association scheme generalizes the notion of a group, the notion of a commutative association scheme only generalizes the notion of a commutative group.
Two points ''x'' and ''y'' are called ''i'' th associates if $\left(x,y\right)\in R_$. The definition states that if ''x'' and ''y'' are ''i'' th associates so are ''y'' and ''x''. Every pair of points are ''i'' th associates for exactly one $i$. Each point is its own zeroth associate while distinct points are never zeroth associates. If ''x'' and ''y'' are ''k'' th associates then the number of points $z$ which are both ''i'' th associates of $x$ and ''j'' th associates of $y$ is a constant $p^k_$.

ææćŒçšćă»ćșćž: ăăȘăŒçŸç§äșćžă ăŠăŁă­ăăăŁăąïŒWikipediaïŒă