| Arthur Barker ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Arthur R. Barker (June 4, 1899 – January 13, 1939) was an American criminal, the son of Ma Barker and a member of the Barker-Karpis gang, founded by his brother Fred Barker and Alvin Karpis. Arthur, generally known as "Doc", was typically called on for violent action, while Fred and Karpis planned the gang's crimes. He was arrested and convicted of kidnapping in 1935. Sent to Alcatraz in 1936, he was killed three years later while attempting to escape from the Rock.
Doc is described by one writer as "a dimwit and a drunk", who was little more than a brutal thug.〔 However, fellow Alcatraz inmate Henri Young said of him that he was "determined and ruthless, and that once he started on anything nothing could stop him but death."
Arthur Barker, better known as alias Doc Barker, was born in Aurora, Missouri to George Elias Barker and Arizona "Ma" Barker née Clark. Through the 1920s and 1930s, Barker, with his brothers Herman, Lloyd and Fred, committed numerous crimes such as theft, robbery and murder.
On July 18, 1918 Doc Barker was arrested for stealing a car on the highway and was sent to serve prison time in Joplin, Missouri. On February 19, 1920 Doc escaped from Joplin prison. Using the pseudonym "Claude Dade" he was involved in robberies in Oklahoma. He was arrested and imprisoned in Oklahoma State Prison under the name "Bob Barker" from January to June 1921.
On August 25, 1921, night watchman Thomas Sherill was murdered by burglars at a hospital construction site in Tulsa, Oklahoma. On January 14, 1922 Doc Barker was convicted of this murder and sentenced to a life term at McAlester prison in Oklahoma. He always maintained his innocence of this crime. He was paroled ten years later, on September 10,1932. 〔Helmer, William J. and Mattix, Rick (2007) ''The Complete Public Enemies Almanac '' Cumberland House〕 〔Michael Koch (2008) ''A Murder in Tulsa'' Publish America〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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