| Appendix Vergiliana ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The ''Appendix Vergiliana'' is a collection of poems traditionally ascribed as juvenilia of Virgil, although it is likely that all the pieces are in fact spurious. Many were considered works of Virgil in antiquity, but it seems that they comprise a diverse collection of minor poems by various authors from the 1st century AD.
Scholars are almost unanimous in considering the works of the ''Appendix'' spurious primarily on grounds of style, metrics, and vocabulary.〔Conte, G. ''Latin Literature a History'' trans. J. Solodow (Baltimore, 1994)pp.430ff.〕 The collection as it is was probably formed in Late Antiquity. The individual components are older: ancient authors considered the ''Culex'' to be a youthful work of Virgil's〔Statius, ''Silv.'' Prologue to Book 1〕 and the ''Ciris'' is ascribed to Virgil as early as Donatus' ''Vita.''〔Donatus ''Vita Verg.'' 17〕 Quintilian quotes ''Catalepton'' 2 as the work of Virgil. The ''Elegiae in Maecenatem'' cannot possibly be by Virgil, as Maecenas died eleven years after Virgil in 8 BC. The poems are all probably by different authors, except for the ''Lydia'' and ''Dirae'' which may have a common author, and have been given various, nebulous dates within the 1st century AD. The ''Culex'' and the ''Ciris'' are thought to have been composed under the emperor Tiberius.〔Schmidt, P. s.v. Culex and Ciris in ''Brill’s New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World'' (Leiden, 2006)〕 Some of the poems may be attempts to pass works off under Virgil's name as pseudepigraphia, such as the ''Catalepton'', while others seem to be independent works that were subsumed into the collection like the ''Ciris'' which is influenced more by the late Republican neoterics than Virgil.
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