Anglican Church of South America
| Anglican Church of South America ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Anglican Church of South America ((スペイン語:Iglesia Anglicana de Sudamérica)) is the ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion that covers the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay and a diocese in Brazil, in South America.
Formed in 1981, as of 30 November 2007, the province reported 22,000 members.〔(Anglican Journal: Quick facts: The Anglican Church of the Southern Cone of America Nov 30, 2007 )〕 Its members in South America are thinly spread, making it one of the smaller provinces in the Anglican Communion in terms of numbers, although one of the largest in geographical extent.
==Background before 1981==
During the 19th century, British immigrants to South America brought Anglicanism with them . In Britain, a voluntary Anglican society was formed in 1844 () to evangelize the indigenous peoples of Tierra del Fuego. This later became the South American Mission Society (SAMS) and extended its activities the Araucanian regions of Chile and the Chaco. It still plays an important place in the life of the church〔But, since 2010, SAMS has been part of the new Church Mission Society.〕〔(History: Church Mission Society ), Official website〕
The first diocese was established in 1869 as the Diocese of the Falkland Islands and the rest of South America, excepting British Guyana. The see of the bishop was in Buenos Aires .〔This was due to legal requirements at the time, which did not allow the Church of England to consecrate or appoint bishops outside those territories under the jurisdiction of the Crown.〕 Despite its title, the diocese's effective territory was restricted to the Southern Cone plus Peru and Bolivia. By contrast, Anglican/Episcopal congregations in Brazil and the more northern Spanish-speaking countries were effectively under the wing of the Episcopal Church of the USA . As the Anglican Church and its mission grew in South America, new dioceses were created from that larger one. Missionary bishops were appointed to smaller dioceses.
Until 1974, these missionary dioceses were under the metropolitical oversight of the Archbishop of Canterbury. For the next seven years, they were administered by an ''ad hoc'' council known by the acronym CASA (''Consejo Anglicano de Sud América'') , which also had Brazilian members.
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