The Anglican Church of India (ACI) is a union of independent Anglican churches in India. When India became independent in 1947, the Church of South India (CSI) was formed as a united church of Anglicans, Baptists, Basel Mission, Lutherans and Presbyterians. The united Church of South India accepted an order of uniformity in worship and practice which was at odds with some aspects of Anglican tradition. Traditional Anglicans in the CSI did not accept this and there was a provision for separation within a period of 30 years from the CSI. Therefore, in 1964, some Anglicans decided to withdraw from the CSI and re-established the Anglican Church of India on 24 August 1964.
V. J. Stephen was consecrated as a bishop by Anglican bishops from the United States and Africa and also by an "Anglicanised" Evangelical bishop from Kerala, India, on 5 May 1966.
Even though the church was re-established in 1964, the synod of the Anglican Church of India was only formed in 1990 at Kottayam. The synod consists of all the diocesan bishops, clergy secretaries, lay leaders of the dioceses and church-related organisations and representatives of each diocese and independent churches. Independent churches function where there are not enough congregations to form a diocese and are also given representation in the synod. Archbishop Stephen Vattappara serves as the chairman of the synod and also as the Metropolitan of the Anglican Church of India.
The foundation of the ACI's faith is contained in what is known as the Lambeth Quadrilateral accepted by the Church of England in 1888 which states:
(1) Accepting the Holy Bible as the ultimate source of divine truth
(2) Acceptance of the Apostles and Nicene Creeds
(3) Acceptance of the only two sacraments ordained by Jesus Christ, Holy Baptism and Holy Eucharist
(4) Acceptance of the historic episcopal succession
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