The Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) is a Christian denomination in the Anglican tradition in the United States and Canada headquartered in Ambridge, Pennsylvania. It also includes some parishes in Mexico and a missionary district in Cuba. The church reports that it has 29 dioceses and 983 congregations serving more than 112,000 members in North America. The first archbishop of ACNA was Robert Duncan, who was succeeded by Foley Beach in 2014.
The ACNA was founded in 2009 by former members of the Episcopal Church in the United States and the Anglican Church of Canada who were dissatisfied with increasingly liberal doctrinal and social teachings in their former churches, which they considered contradictory to traditional Anglican belief. Prior to 2009, these conservative Anglicans had begun to receive support from a number of Anglican churches (or provinces) outside of North America, especially in the Global South. Several Episcopal dioceses and many individual parishes in both Canada and the United States voted to transfer their allegiance to Anglican provinces in South America and Africa. In 2009, many Anglican groups who had withdrawn from the two North American provinces united to form the Anglican Church in North America.
This process of Anglican realignment has caused disagreement within the worldwide Anglican Communion over the status of these realigned dioceses and parishes, and over the definition of membership within the Anglican Communion. Some Anglican leaders, including the primates of Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Rwanda, Myanmar, Jerusalem and the Middle East, and South America, as well as bishops representing the primates of the Congo, Sudan, and South East Asia, have expressed their view that Beach is a primate of the Anglican Communion.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=ACNA is Anglican )〕 The ACNA is in full communion with three provinces in the Anglican Communion: the Church of Nigeria, the Church of Uganda, and the Episcopal Church of South Sudan and Sudan. It has also received recognition and support from the Global South Anglican churches, a grouping of 24 Anglican Communion provinces. From its inception, the Anglican Church in North America's stated goal has been to become a fully recognized Anglican province as an alternative to the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Church of Canada.
Currently, the Episcopal Church, the Anglican Church of Canada, and the Anglican Church of Mexico are the only North American churches recognized by the instruments of unity. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, stated in 2014 that "ACNA is a separate church. It is not part of the Anglican Communion."〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Canterbury buries the instruments of unity )〕 The Anglican Communion Office does not list ACNA as a member church〔http://www.anglicancommunion.org/structures/member-churches.aspx〕 or as a church in communion.〔http://www.anglicancommunion.org/relationships/churches-in-communion.aspx〕 Archbishop Welby has called for a gathering of all the primates of the Anglican Communion to take place in mid-January 2016; ACNA Archbishop Foley Beach will also be invited for part of the time. Beach and the other GAFCON primates intend to attend.
The ACNA has attempted to incorporate the full spectrum of conservative Anglicanism within Canada and the United States. As a result, it accommodates Anglo-Catholic, charismatic, and evangelical theological orientations. It also includes those who oppose and those who support women's ordination. Women can serve as clergy members in some dioceses, while other dioceses maintain an exclusively male clergy. Women are ineligible to serve as bishops. The ACNA affirms Christian marriage as being found exclusively within the context of a lifelong union between a man and a woman and is more socially conservative than either the Episcopal Church or the Anglican Church of Canada on questions surrounding homosexual relationships. The church holds a pro-life position on abortion and euthanasia.
The Anglican Church in North America was founded by Anglicans who had left the Anglican Church of Canada and the Episcopal Church in the United States over concerns that the teaching of those churches had grown more liberal. The new body charged that the two existing churches "have increasingly accommodated and incorporated un-Biblical, un-Anglican practices and teaching".〔(ACNA: Our Genesis )〕 Two major events which contributed to ACNA's formation both involved human sexuality. The first was the 2002 decision of the Diocese of New Westminster in Canada to authorise a rite of blessing for same-sex unions; the second was the General Convention's ratification of the election of Gene Robinson, an openly gay non-celibate man,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=BBC NEWS - Americas - US Church 'unfairly criticised' )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Gays among candidates for Episcopal bishops - Christian News on Christian Today )〕 as Bishop of New Hampshire the following year.
The new Anglican group also charged that the existing churches had abandoned the traditional Christian belief that Jesus Christ is the only way to salvation.〔 In particular, Katharine Jefferts Schori, Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church from 2006 to 2015, has been strongly criticised for her comments to that effect,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=The Heresies of Episcopal Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori - Virtueonline – The Voice for Global Orthodox Anglicanism )〕 although the "Core Beliefs and Doctrines" of the Episcopal Church make no mention of possible salvation apart from Christ.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Episcopal Church Core Beliefs and Doctrines )〕
Conservative opposition to both the Episcopal Church's 1979 edition of the Book of Common Prayer and to the ordination of women priests led to the founding of an earlier wave of independent Anglican churches, often called the Continuing Anglican movement.
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