The Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem is the bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Jerusalem, which is a part of the Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and The Middle East, and based at St. George's Cathedral, Jerusalem. The Diocese of Jerusalem covers Israel, the Palestinian territories, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. The diocese covers 7,000 Anglicans, with 35 service institutions, 29 parishes, 1500 employees, 200 hospital beds and 6,000 students.〔(Suheil Dawani: The new Anglican Bishop of Jerusalem )〕 From 1957 to 1976 the ordinary held the rank and title of Archbishop of Jerusalem. Today, Anglicans constitute a large portion of Jerusalem's Christians.
The current, fourteenth Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem is Suheil Salman Ibrahim Dawani, who was elected Coadjutor Bishop on June 15, 2005 and was officially installed as Bishop on April 15, 2007. He succeeded Riah Hanna Abu El-Assal, who retired on March 31, 2007 at the prescribed retirement age of 70 years.〔image shows Bishop Riah: Former Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem, Riah Hanna Abu El-Assal, in 2006〕
In August 2010, Israel declined to renew the residency permits for Bishop Dawani and his family, claiming the bishop had been engaged in fraudulent land deals on behalf of the Palestinian Authority.〔http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/anglican-bishop-appeals-deportation-order-over-sale-of-land-to-palestinians-1.345375〕 After legal proceedings were commenced and following political pressure from a number of Christian churches and leaders, the permits was renewed on 26 September 2011.〔(Jerusalem residency row ends: The Church of England Newspaper, Sept 30, 2011 )〕
The Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East began as a number of missionary posts of the Church Mission Society (CMS) in Cyprus, the Middle East and the Persian Gulf. The Church Mission Society continues to provide the province with lay mission partners and ordained chaplains, but now the majority of its ministry is drawn from local congregations.
During the 1820s, CMS began to prepare for permanent missionary stations in the region.
In 1833, a missionary station was established in Jerusalem with the support of the ''London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews'' (a Jewish Christian missionary society now known as the Church's Ministry Among Jewish People or CMJ). In 1839, the building of the Church of Saint Mark, Alexandria was begun.
In 1841, Michael Solomon Alexander, a converted rabbi, arrived in Jerusalem as the first Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem. His diocese originally covered the mission stations in the Middle East and Egypt, and was a joint effort with the united Evangelical Church in Prussia (the so-called ''Anglo-Prussian Union'') for Anglicans and united Calvinists and Lutherans - see Anglican-German Bishopric in Jerusalem.
In 1849, Christ Church, Jerusalem near Jaffa Gate became the first Anglican/Lutheran church in the city,〔http://www.cmj-israel.org/CMJMinistries/ChristChurch/Overview/tabid/70/Default.aspx〕 and in 1871 Christ Church in Nazareth was consecrated.
The Anglo-Prussian Union ceased to function in 1881, and no bishop was appointed between 1881 and 1887, and from 1887, the missionary effort continued solely under Anglican auspices.
In 1888, Bp George Blyth established the Jerusalem and the East Mission which was instrumental in raising funds for projects and missions throughout the Middle East. Saint George's Cathedral was built in 1898 in Jerusalem as a central focus for the diocese.
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