In Greek mythology, Agamemnon (; from
*Ἀγαμέδμων (ἄγαν, "very much" and μέδομαι, "think on" ),〔R. S. P. Beekes, ''Etymological Dictionary of Greek'', Brill, 2009, p. 8.〕 "very steadfast") was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodike (Λαοδίκη), Orestes and Chrysothemis.〔Homer, ''Iliad'' 9:145.〕 Mythical legends make him the king of Mycenae or Argos, thought to be different names for the same area. When Helen, the wife of Menelaus, ran off with Paris of Troy, Agamemnon commanded the united Greek armed forces in the ensuing Trojan War.
Upon Agamemnon's return from Troy, he was murdered (according to the oldest surviving account, ''Odyssey'' 11.409–11) by Aegisthus, the lover of his wife, Clytemnestra. In old versions of the story, the scene of the murder, when it is specified, is usually the house of Aegisthus, who has not taken up residence in Agamemnon's palace, and it involves an ambush and the deaths of Agamemnon's followers too.〔Aeschylus (1986), ''Choephori''; introduction by A. F. Garvie, Oxford U. P., p. x〕 In some later versions Clytemnestra herself does the killing, or they do it together, in his own home.
Hittite sources mention , ruler of (land of Achaeans) in the 14th century BC.〔Steiner, Gerd. (The Case of Wiluša and Ahhiyawa ). ''Bibliotheca Orientalis''; LXIV No. 5-6, September–December 2007〕 This is a possible prototype of the Agamemnon of mythology.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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