Aerial steam carriage
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The aerial steam carriage, also named Ariel, was a flying machine patented in 1842 that was supposed to carry passengers into the air. It was, in practice, incapable of flight since it had insufficient power from its heavy steam engine to fly. A more successful model was built in 1848 which was able to fly for small distances within a hangar. The aerial steam carriage was significant because it was a transition from glider experimentation to powered flight experimentation.
The Ariel was to be a monoplane with a wing span of , weigh and was to be powered by a specially-designed lightweight steam powered engine producing .〔The Fort Worth Press, "Airplane Invention Was Delayed 60 Years", October 11, 1961〕 The wing area was to be ., with the tail another 1500, yielding a very low wing loading. The inventors hoped that the Ariel would achieve a speed of 50 mph, and carry 10–12 passengers up to .〔HistoryNet.com, (William Henson and John Stringfellow )〕 The plan was to launch it from an inclined ramp. The undercarriage was a 3-wheel design.
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