2015 World Aquatics Championships
| 2015 World Aquatics Championships ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The 16th FINA World Championships ((ロシア語:Чемпионат мира по водным видам спорта 2015), (タタール語:2015 елгы Су спорт төрләре буенча дөнья чемпионаты)), also Aquatics 2015, were held in Kazan, Russia from 24 July to 9 August 2015. Russia hosted this event for the first time. The number of participating national teams (190), athletes (2,400) and the number of medals (75) were the most ever amongst these championships.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=TASS: Sports – 2015 World Aquatics Championships opening ceremony kicks off in Kazan )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=16th FINA World Championships 2015 in Kazan – official website )〕 President of FINA Julio Maglione at the closing of the event named this Championships as best in the history of FINA. This was the first time the World Aquatics Championships partially overlaps with the FINA World Masters Championships that have a number of athletes (near 5,500), countries (110) and medals (635) which are the most ever also.
Competitions were held in six sports (swimming, open water swimming, diving and high diving, synchronized swimming, and water polo) in three main competition venues. The new FINA High Diving discipline has been presented on the XX FINA Technical Congress and has been officially included to the FINA World Aquatics Championships program starting from the 15th FINA World Championships 2013 in Barcelona, Spain. In this 16th FINA World Championships first time the mixed-pair (female-male) duets in the synchronized swimming were included and first time the mixed command competitions in each sports were carried. This Championship is one of the qualifying events for the 2016 Summer Olympics.〔(FINA's 2016 Olympic Qualification Procedures for Aquatics )〕
At these Championships 31 countries were awarded with a medal. Most number of gold medals won was by China, the United States and Russia. Also, China, the United States and Australia had the most number of any medals in total. This was the first time since the 2001 World Aquatics Championships that the United States did not finish in first place in the medal standings, finishing second in the medal table behind China. It was the first time that China topped the medal standings. Also, 12 world records were set at these Championships.
The host selection for the 2015 World Aquatics Championships took place on 15 July 2011 at the biennial General Congress of FINA in Shanghai, the host city of the Championships that year. Kazan defeated rival bids from Guadalajara (Mexico), Hong Kong, Guangzhou (China), and Montreal (Canada). The last two cities withdrew their bids shortly before the vote.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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