| Nations participating = 204 NOCs
| Athletes participating = 10,942 (4,637 women, 6,305 men)
| Events = 302 in 28 sports
| Cost = USD $40 billion
| Officially opened by = Hu Jintao
President of the People's Republic of China
| Officially closed by = Jacques Rogge
President of the International Olympic Committee
| Athlete's Oath = Zhang Yining
| Judge's Oath = Huang Liping
| Olympic Torch = Li Ning
| previous_year = 2004
| previous_tournament = 2004 Summer Olympics
| next_year = 2012
| next_tournament = 2012 Summer Olympics
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad () and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from 8 to 24 August 2008. A total of 10,942 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) competed in 28 sports and 302 events (a total of one event more than the schedule of the 2004 Games). China became the 22nd nation to host the Olympic Games and the 18th to hold a Summer Olympic Games. It was the third time that the Summer Olympic Games were held in Asia, after Tokyo, Japan, in 1964 and Seoul, South Korea, in 1988. The equestrian events were held in Hong Kong, making it the third time the events of the same Olympics were held under the jurisdiction of two different NOCs, while sailing was contested in Qingdao, and football events took place in several different cities.
Beijing was awarded the Games over four competitors on July 13, 2001, having won a majority of votes from members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) after two rounds of voting. The Government of the People's Republic of China promoted the Games and invested heavily in new facilities and transportation systems. A total of 37 venues were used to host the events, including 12 constructed specifically for use at the Games. The official logo of these Olympic Games, titled "Dancing Beijing", refers to the host city by featuring a stylised calligraphic character ''jīng'' (京, meaning ''capital''). The Games were the most watched Olympics in history, attracting 4.7 billion viewers worldwide.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 title=Largest TV audience for an Olympic Games )〕 Some politicians and non-governmental organizations criticized the choice of China as Olympic host because of the country's human rights record, and protests by pro-Tibetan independence activists and critics of China's human rights record marred the international portion of the Olympic torch relay.
There were 43 world records and 132 Olympic records set at the 2008 Summer Olympics. An unprecedented 86 countries won at least one medal during the Games. Chinese athletes won the most gold medals, with 51, and 100 medals altogether, while the United States had the most total medals with 110. The final medal tally was led by host China, followed by the United States and Russia. Though there were several controversies, the games were deemed generally successful with the rising standard of competition amongst nations across the world.
== Organization ==
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
■ウィキペディアで「2008 Summer Olympics」の詳細全文を読む